Five Domains vs. Five Freedoms of Animal Welfare 

Posted on 06/24/2021 by Ben Williamson
in the Helpful Tips blog

One of the original animal welfare concepts, the “Five Freedoms,” has increasingly been found to be limited in its assumption that the absence of (or “freedom” from) negative states would ensure high welfare. The more modern animal welfare concept of the Five Domains considers nutrition, environment, health, and behavior as governing inputs that result in a range of mental states from negative to positive:   

Further reading